Saturday, November 30, 2002

Through the Lens of Time: Images of African Americans from the Cook Collection of Photographs.

Images of African Americans from the Cook Collection of Photographs.

Search or browse nearly 300 images of African Americans dating from the nineteenth and early twentieth century from the Cook Collection of Photographs. These digitally scanned images are of prints taken by George S. Cook (1819-1902) and Huestes P. Cook (1868-1951) primarily in the Richmond and Central Virginia area. "Through the Lens of Time" is joint project between VCU Libraries and the Valentine Richmond History Center.

Friday, November 29, 2002

Fight Against Terror: Two Conflicts or One?

Terrorists hunted Israelis on two continents today, killing voters as they went to the polls in Israel and tourists as they prepared to go to the beach in Kenya.

The dead were almost surely the victims of at least two different organizations. But whether they were victims in the same war — a worldwide campaign of terror — is a question that goes to the heart of the Bush administration's widening fight against terrorism, and Israel's focused conflict with the Palestinians.

For Palestinians, and for some Israelis, the distinctions remain painfully obvious, if harder to explain overseas. Ghassan Khatib, a minister in Mr. Arafat's cabinet, rejected any link between the day's attacks, or between Al Qaeda and Palestinian militancy. "Linking the terrorism of Al Qaeda and bin Laden, which is not legitimate in our view, to the Palestinian resistance to this illegitimate occupation, is a big mistake that many people in the world are buying from Israel," he said.

While saying violence against civilians should stop, he added, "What Sharon fails to notice is that the Israelis have been killing Palestinians every day, every day."

"We cannot buy the Sharon argument that his attacks are a reaction to the Palestinian violence," Mr. Khatib said. "And I don't blame the Israelis if they also don't accept our arguments, that our violence is a reaction to the Israeli violence."
12 Killed in Attacks on Israelis in Kenya; Missiles Miss Jet

In coordinated assaults on Israelis in the Kenyan city of Mombasa on Thursday, terrorists fired shoulder-launched missiles at a crowded Israeli passenger jet, missing their target, minutes before three suicide bombers drove up to the doors of an Israeli-owned hotel and detonated their explosives.

The bombers killed themselves and at least 12 others — 9 of them Kenyans and 3 of them Israelis — and wounded dozens more. In the chaos of black smoke, screams and burning thatch, the blast gutted the resort hotel, the Paradise.

Israeli and Kenyan officials said that, though there were competing claims of responsibility for the attack, it was possible that Al Qaeda was behind the attacks. But the Bush administration cautioned that it was premature to blame Al Qaeda.

A senior official with the protection and security division of Israel's Shin Bet security agency said that the attack was carefully plotted.

"We're looking at a very planned, organized attack against Israelis in Mombasa," the official said. "They were looking for Israelis to kill. If the incident succeeded, it would have resulted in the deaths of over 300 to 400 Israelis."

He said that Israel had learned of two competing claims of responsibility for the attack, but, declining to name the groups, he said that intelligence agents did not consider the claims solid.
Kenyans Suffer Again in Anti-U.S. Violence

The attack on the Paradise Hotel in the coastal resort city of Mombasa was eerily reminiscent of the even deadlier attack four years ago on the United States Embassy in the capital, Nairobi.

In both cases, innocent Kenyans made up the bulk of the casualties.

In both cases, as well, it appeared that Kenya was the venue but that the driving force was international politics that had little to do with East Africa.…
With Attack on Plane, No Vacation From Violence

In the cockpit, the captain, Rafi Marek, 46, felt a bump. Nothing worrying, he said later, not unlike a small bird hitting the belly of the Boeing 757-300. Officials said later that the plane had not actually been hit or damaged in any way.

"Right after feeling this bump, we saw two white stripes coming up from behind the airplane on the left side and a bit above us," he told reporters at Ben-Gurion International Airport here, after the plane arrived at 12:39 P.M. local time. "We were not sure exactly what happened," he added, saying later that the streams of smoke were perhaps 100 yards away.… -

You don’t have to research statistics on who buys what in the American home, all you have to do is ask your mother. I feel safe supporting the old adage that the hand that rocks the cradle rules the world. Mom is the one who takes the kids school shopping. Mom is the one who buys the groceries. Mom is the one who remembers when the car needs an oil change. Mom is the one Dad goes to when he wants to buy a new lawn mower or a new car. Does all of this managing make Mom a control freak? Far from it, she is merely doing what women do best --taking care of business.

Statistics don’t tell you how to get women to your site, nor how to sell to them. You need some good, old-fashioned advice for that.,template=1&content=2577&nav1=1&user=4c492ace5014
ZDNet: Tech Update: Platforms/OS / Know the rules: Reimaging Windows

Microsoft's Reimaging Rights: What Is and Isn't Allowed

Although Microsoft now allows most enterprises to reimage their Windows workstations without having to pay an additional fee, it's not an "anything goes" proposition, and some enterprises appear to be bending the rules in their use of reimaging, which could result in license compliance issues in the future.,14179,2898535,00.html

Wednesday, November 27, 2002

Did You Think We Were Serious About Financial Support for Terrorism?

Will we even ask, not demand, just ask for changed behavior?

Israel Asks U.S. for an Increase of $4 Billion in Military Aid
Israel is asking the Bush administration for about $4 billion in new military aid and $8 billion to $10 billion in loan guarantees to bolster its economy, a government official said today.

Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's chief of staff, Dov Weisglass, and the director general of Israel's finance ministry, Ohad Marani, made the request at a meeting on Monday with Condoleezza Rice, President Bush's national security adviser.

The Israeli Embassy declined to disclose how much help was requested, but said the Israelis were promised a prompt reply. An administration official provided the figures.

Tuesday, November 26, 2002

Israeli Fire Kills Boy, 8, During Clashes in Nablus

An 8-year-old Palestinian boy was killed today when Israeli soldiers fired at crowds of children throwing stones as they returned from school in the West Bank city of Nablus.

It was one of several clashes today in Nablus, in which seven people were reported wounded by fire from Israeli tanks and guns, as soldiers worked to impose the continuing curfew there.

A military spokesman said tonight that the soldiers returned fire after three unidentified "explosive devices" as well as several firebombs had been thrown at them as they sat in a jeep. At least one Palestinian witness said that the boy did not seem to be among the stone throwers, and that he had been hit more than 100 yards from the Jeep.

The boy was reportedly shot in the chest and died shortly afterward at a hospital. In separate clashes, two other Palestinians were seriously wounded; a 28-year-old man was hit in the head and a 39-year-old woman in the chest, reportedly by tank fire.

The clashes underscored the tension around the West Bank, as the Israeli military stepped up patrols and tightened curfews in the aftermath of a suicide bombing in Jerusalem on Thursday in which 11 people were killed.
Open-Source Security Comes Under Fire

Thanks to several high-profile vulnerabilities and an overall increase in the number of flaws, open-source software has taken over Microsoft Corp.'s position at the bottom of the security heap.

A recent research note from two analysts at the Aberdeen Group calls open-source software and Linux distributions the "2002 poster children for security problems." Of the 29 advisories issued through October by the CERT Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, 16 of them addressed vulnerabilities in open-source or Linux products.

Seven of the advisories were related to Microsoft products.

"Open source software is now the major source of elevated security vulnerabilities for IT buyers," the Aberdeen report says. "The poster child for security glitches is no longer Microsoft; this label now belongs to open source and Linux software suppliers.",3959,720477,00.asp of our favorite quotes

Never be afraid to try something new. Amateurs built the Ark; professionals built the Titanic.
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Monday, November 25, 2002

Split Deepens on Israeli Killing of U.N. Aide

A United Nations investigator arrived here today to inquire into the fatal shooting of a British United Nations worker by an Israeli soldier on Friday, as a dispute over the incident deepened.

The Israeli Army said that its soldiers had been responding to gunfire coming from a United Nations compound in the Jenin refugee camp, in the West Bank. But after an initial inquiry, the United Nations agency that administers the camp rejected that account as "incredibly incorrect."

Paul McCann, a spokesman for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, said the compound, a fenced cluster of three trailers, was clearly marked as belonging to the United Nations.

"We know that we had control of it, there were no militants inside it, and there was absolutely no firing coming from inside it," said Mr. McCann, who visited the site today.

The aide worker who was killed, Iain John Hook, 54, was shot in the back, Mr. McCann said. Mr. Hook's two sons claimed his body today, he said.

The army said that while in pursuit of a wanted Palestinian, its troops had come under fire, and that Mr. Hook was holding something — perhaps a cellphone — that soldiers mistook for a pistol. United Nations officials have also accused the army of hindering an ambulance sent to evacuate Mr. Hook. The army has denied that accusation.

A 10-year-old boy was also shot dead by the army in Jenin on Friday, Palestinian officials said.

Mr. Hook was the first foreign citizen working for the United Nations to be killed in the two-year-long conflict here, Mr. McCann said. Two Palestinian employees of the refugee agency have also been killed.

Sunday, November 24, 2002

Iraq Says U.N. Plan Is Pretext for War

The new U.N. resolution on weapons inspections could turn ``inaccurate statements (among) thousands of pages'' of required Iraqi reports into a supposed justification for military action, Foreign Minister Naji Sabri complained in a letter to U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

``There is premeditation to target Iraq, whatever the pretext,'' Sabri said.

The foreign minister's lengthy letter, a point-by-point commentary on the Security Council resolution, was not expected to affect the inspections, which resume Wednesday after a four-year suspension. Iraq had accepted the resolution in a Nov. 13 letter from Sabri to Annan.

Preparations moved steadily ahead on Baghdad's outskirts Sunday, where technicians at the U.N. inspection center worked to establish a ``hot line'' connection with liaisons in the Iraqi government.

A new focus on Iraq by the Bush administration led to adoption of Resolution 1441 and the dispatch of inspectors back to Iraq with greater powers of unrestricted access to suspected weapons sites. Washington alleges Iraq retains some prohibited weapons and may be producing others.

The resolution, adopted unanimously Nov. 7, demands the Iraqis give up any chemical, biological or nuclear weapons, or face ``serious consequences.''

It requires Iraq to submit an accounting by Dec. 8 of its weapons programs, as well as of chemical, biological and nuclear programs it claims are peaceful. Any ``false statements or omissions'' in that declaration could contribute to a finding it had committed a ``material breach'' of the resolution -- a finding that might lead to military action.

The Bush administration has threatened war to enforce Iraqi disarmament, with or without U.N. sanction. But other governments, including those of France, Russia and China, say that decision can be made only by the Security Council.

Sabri's letter, dated Saturday and released Sunday, complained that a key passage on providing documentation is unjust, ``because it considers the giving of inaccurate statements -- taking into consideration that there are thousands of pages to be presented in those statements -- is a material breach.''

Sabri wrote that the aim was clear: ``to provide pretexts ... to be used in aggressive acts against Iraq.''

After talks with the Iraqis last week, chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix said they had expressed ``particular concern'' about what was expected of them in reporting on their chemical industry, a complex area in which many toxic products can be diverted to military use.

Sabri also complained that the resolution gives the inspectors ``unjust power'' like ``conducting interviews with citizens inside the country without the presence of a representative of their government or asking them to leave their country with their families for interviews or demanding lists of the names of all scientists and researchers and removing equipment without notifying the Iraqi government.''

Sabri complained of what he called arbitrary powers being granted to inspectors, including ``meeting people inside their country without the presence of a representative of their government, or asking them to leave the country with their families to meet (for interviews) abroad.''

In notifying Annan of Iraq's acceptance of Resolution 1441, Sabri had advised the U.N. chief he would follow with this second letter commenting on supposed violations of international law and other problems with the resolution.

The Iraqi official urged that Security Council member nations ensure that the weapons inspectors are committed ``to their obligations according to the U.N. charter and ... the United Nations' goals.'' If they do so, he wrote, they will ``uncover the false U.S. accusations.''
Israel Admits One of Its Soldiers Killed U.N. Official in Jenin

The Israeli military admitted tonight that it was a shot fired by one of its soldiers that killed a senior United Nations official on Friday at the agency's compound in the Jenin refugee camp in the West Bank.

But the admission was spiked with a countercharge that seemed likely to increase friction between the government here and the United Nations, angry at the death of the official, Iain John Hook, a 54-year-old Briton who oversaw the rebuilding of part of the camp.

The Israeli statement, released late tonight, said Palestinian gunmen had been firing at soldiers from inside the small United Nations compound — a potentially serious accusation given the implication that United Nations officials were sheltering the gunmen in some way. An Israeli soldier then fired at Mr. Hook inside the compound when he saw "an object which resembles a pistol" in his hand, the statement read.

Earlier today, the Israeli Army radio reported that the soldier mistook a cellphone Mr. Hook was carrying for a hand grenade.

A United Nations spokesman said Mr. Hook was trying to evacuate staff members after a gunfight erupted near the agency's compound, Reuters reported. The spokesman, Paul McCann, said that based on the agency's preliminary inquiry "the report of firing from the compound is totally incredible."

Earlier in the day, another spokesman for the United Nations sharply questioned the army radio reports that the soldier believed Mr. Hook to be carrying a grenade. "We don't find this argument to be convincing," said the spokesman, Sami Mshasha.

On Friday, the United Nations here also accused Israel of delaying an ambulance sent to evacuate Mr. Hook, a concern echoed in New York by the secretary general, Kofi Annan. Military officials have denied the charge.

There is a long history of tension between Israel and the United Nations, which Israel considers to be more sympathetic to the Palestinian cause, and specifically with the agency that Mr. Hook worked for: the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, created to administer Palestinian refugee camps set up after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

Mr. Hook died on a day in which the Israeli military moved into the Jenin camp to arrest a suspected member of the militant Islamic Jihad. Witnesses said a gun battle then broke out between soldiers and Palestinian gunmen, though the statement tonight was the first saying gunmen were firing from in and around the United Nations compound.

Mr. Hook's death came during the scattered violence after a suicide attack in Jerusalem on Thursday killed 11 Israelis, 4 of them children. In response, the Israeli military again seized control of Bethlehem, where the bomber lived, a move that in effect re-established nearly full Israeli control of the West Bank.
Wage War, but Don't Start One

THOUGH President Bush has made no decision to execute the detailed battle plan now on his desk, events of recent days help answer the question, Will America go to war with Iraq?

America already is at war with Iraq.

It is a highly restrained conflict, to be sure, and has been waged at varying tempos for months, even years. But war accurately describes the sustained combat operations in which a dozen allied jets scream into Iraqi air space to fire a score of precision-guided munitions at multiple targets, responding to attacks from surface-to-air missiles or antiaircraft guns.

"The gulf war did not end in February of 1991," said Eliot A. Cohen, a professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. "For a decade now, we've been fighting this low-level war without calling it such. But barely a day goes by without the Iraqis trying to kill an American or British pilot."

In this nervous time, the goading and counterpunching taking place with such deadly intensity over Iraq constitute part of a shadow war that may set the terms under which the real one would be fought.

On the ground in Iraq, United Nations weapons inspectors are setting up shop ahead of a Dec. 8 deadline set by the Security Council for President Saddam Hussein to give a full accounting of his weapons of mass destruction. As that day nears, the Bush administration and the Hussein regime face a similar quandary: how to pursue strategic goals without making a mistake that somehow strengthens the other.

For the United States, the trick is to keep combat operations in the northern and southern no-flight zones at sufficiently low levels so that it appears Mr. Hussein is the one trying to ratchet up tensions when his forces shoot at American or British warplanes and offer bounties for coalition pilots.…
In the Name of Security

IN the spring of 2001, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist sounded an alarm.

"Technology now permits millions of important and confidential conversations to occur through a vast system of electronic networks," he wrote in a First Amendment case. "These advances, however, raise significant privacy concerns. We are placed in the uncomfortable position of not knowing who might have access to our personal and business e-mails, our medical and financial records, or our cordless and cellular telephone conversations."

From the Vietnam and Watergate era until Sept. 11, 2001, legal protection of privacy rights was moving in only one direction, with judges and legislators across the ideological spectrum working hard to create what is in many ways a new legal right.

"Before 9/11, the American concern with invasion of privacy was growing," said Rodney A. Smolla, a law professor at the University of Richmond. "The law of privacy was poised to absorb and reflect some of the public concern. It was about to become the new civil right."

Sept. 11 changed everything, and last week those changes came into sharper focus, suggesting that any comprehensive rethinking of the right to privacy will have to wait. On Monday, two federal appeals courts endorsed vastly expanded government intrusions into the private affairs of Americans, finding privacy interests less compelling than those of rooting out terrorists and child pornographers.

The Pentagon also attracted considerable attention this month for a proposed database of unprecedented scale to help in government antiterrorism efforts. It would collect every sort of information imaginable, including student grades, Internet activity and medical histories. The USA Patriot Act, passed in October 2001, also altered the balance between privacy and government power in countless ways.

Public opposition to greater government surveillance has been muted, even as many people continue to voice concerns about the commercial use of data about themselves. That dichotomy is a little hard to explain, given that intrusion by the government can be life-altering while most businesses can do little more than annoy people with phone calls at dinner time.
The answer, it appears, is that many people believe the government will invade only someone else's privacy. Privacy for me, they seem to be saying, but not for thee.…
Web / Programming / ASP -

WebReference Articles

Active Server Pages are a server-side scripting technology primary developed to work under IIS (Internet Information Server) on Windows NT Server. 3rd party products exist enabling the use of ASP on other server platforms. ASP enables the server to deliver dynamic, database driven content to the end user with minimal effort.

Friday, November 22, 2002

U.N. Official Killed in Israel

The U.N. officials in the Jenin camp were on the phone with the Israeli military, trying to arrange the safe evacuation of the U.N. staff, when Hook was killed, Mshasha said.

``Several bullets hit the trailer and hit him,'' Mshasha said. ``We managed to send an ambulance to transfer him to the hospital, but he was dead when he reached the hospital.''

The Jenin Hospital director, Mohammed Abu Ghali, said the bullets retrieved from the victim's abdomen were of the kind generally used by Israeli troops.
Ordering Hunt for Bomb Plotters, Sharon Resists More Drastic Steps

Mr. Arafat today harshly criticized violence against Israeli civilians within the 1967 borders.

"Resisting Israeli occupation and settlements doesn't mean targeting the lives of the Israeli civilians who have no relation at all with occupation and settlement activity," he said through his spokesman. "They are normal people who are living their daily lives, and targeting them is a condemned act ethically and politically."

The effect of such bombings, he said, is to make even "legitimate resistance" look like "blind terrorism."

But while Mr. Arafat has recognized Israel's right to exist, at least within its pre-1967 borders, Hamas and Islamic Jihad have not. In practice, these groups make no distinction among Israelis and have repeatedly shown a determination to kill them without regard to age, occupation or geography.

At the urging of the European Union and Egypt, Mr. Arafat's Fatah faction has been negotiating with Hamas to suspend suicide bombings in pre-1967 Israel, at least during the Israeli election campaign, when such attacks are likely to aid the right wing.

But in a commentary on a Hamas Web site today, Dr. Abdel Aziz Rantisi, a political leader of Hamas, rejected that distinction as well. "I'm shocked at what I hear people keep saying, that the Likud is violent and the Labor is peaceful," he wrote. They are both violent, he said.
New Wi-Fi Security Scheme Allows DoS

The industry has, at last, agreed upon a security scheme to replace WEP -- the encryption technique that was supposed to ensure "wired-equivalent privacy" but in fact did no such thing.

The new scheme, called WPA ("Wi-Fi Protected Access"), is supposedly much tougher to crack, and it's backward compatible with older cards because it can be implemented in software in the host machine. (The Wi-Fi Alliance has posted a FAQ answering users' most common questions.)

But there's a hitch: When WPA detects a break-in attempt, it shuts down the network for a minute and then restarts. During that time, legitimate users are off the air too.…,3973,717170,00.asp
News: DMCA reopens for public comment

Foes of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act have a second chance to tweak a section of the controversial law.

On Tuesday, the U.S. Copyright Office began accepting comments from the public on the law's "anticircumvention" section, which limits people's ability to bypass copy-protection mechanisms. Comments are due by Dec. 18.

When enacting the DMCA in 1998, Congress ordered the Copyright Office to conduct regular reviews of one portion of the law. The librarian of Congress, who oversees the Copyright Office, may exempt specific groups from being covered by part of the DMCA.

In October 2000, two exemptions were set: Filtering researchers could study blacklisting techniques, and obsolete copy-protection schemes could be legally bypassed. Those exemptions expire in October 2003.

But the DMCA includes two broad prohibitions--on bypassing copy-protection technology and on distributing a program that bypasses that technology--and the librarian of Congress is permitted only to offer exemptions to the former.

Because it won't affect researchers or companies that publish software code that circumvents copy-protection technology, the practical impact of the new rulemaking is limited. It could not have helped 2600 magazine, for instance, which the movie studios successfully sued for distributing a DVD-descrambling utility.
News: How Homeland Security impacts tech

The final bill prohibits the Justice Department's proposed citizen-informant program called TIPS (Terrorist Information and Prevention System) and rejects "the development of a national identification system or card." But privacy advocates and civil libertarians remain worried about the negative consequences of such a sweeping reorganization of law enforcement functions with little oversight.

In a statement calling for more supervision of law enforcement practices, the Center for Democracy and Technology said the plan "raises serious concerns about the privacy of Americans" by granting the government "substantial--and potentially invasive--authorities to compile, analyze and mine the personal information of millions of Americans."

Technology companies, on the other hand, praised the plan, which promises to be a cash cow for businesses that develop security products.

Thursday, November 21, 2002

At Least 10 Killed in Suicide Bombing of Jerusalem Bus

Elsewhere, for the second day in a row Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian teenager in Tulkarm in the West Bank on Wednesday. The army said that in each case, the boys had been throwing gasoline bombs, but Palestinian witnesses said they were stones.

In scenes reminiscent of the first Palestinian uprising against Israel, a group of boys calling themselves the "Striking Force" has taken to attacking Israeli patrols here with rocks, sometimes raining them down from the roofs on passing jeeps.

Despite an Israeli curfew on Wednesday, dozens of boys, teenagers and young men loitered along the otherwise vacant streets here holding stones and bits of metal and eyeing any approaching vehicle.

Tulkarm came under full Israeli control again last week, after a gunman from the militant Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades infiltrated a kibbutz near here and killed five Israelis, including a mother and her sons, 5 and 4. Israeli officials have said the attacker, who escaped, may have originated here, and local members of the brigades acknowledged a connection to the attack.

At about 9 this morning, Amr Qudsi, 14, was shot dead as he ran away across the roofts after throwing stones, boys who were with him said. A spokeswoman for the Israeli Army said that he threw a gasoline bomb. But youths here denied using such weapons.

"We only had stones," said a 15-year-old who gave his name as Saed. "They're lying." Saed's running shoes were spotted with blood. He said he helped carry his friend to an ambulance after the shooting.

"He was telling me, `Saed, I can't breathe,' " he said. "I moved his clothes and looked at his stomach, and I saw his intestines."

He said the boys had thrown stones from the roof of a two-story building, whose windows were shattered, possibly by the gunfire. A soldier had opened fire from the gasoline station across the street, he said.

The curfew on Wednesday covered not only Tulkarm, but also Hebron, to the south. Israeli forces retook control of Hebron on Friday, after gunmen from the Islamic Jihad killed 12 Israeli soldiers, police officers, and settlers' guards. The Israeli Foreign Ministry at first said that gunmen had killed worshipers on the way home from prayers, but that account was inaccurate. The army spokeswoman said that the army was investigating the incident and planned to publish an account of it soon.

Hebron's settlers seized on the incident to build a new settlement in the area. They have named the settlement Gedudei Giborim, or the "Heroes' Battalions," to commemorate the dead.

Israeli forces have had effective military control of the whole West Bank since June, when Israel began taking back territory ceded under the Oslo accords as a result of a suicide bombing that killed 19 passengers on a Jerusalem bus.

Tulkarm, which sits on the West Bank boundary with Israel, is choked off by heavily defended checkpoints; certain areas are ringed with ditches and barbed wire. It is a stronghold of Yasir Arafat's Fatah faction and the Fatah-linked Al Aksa Martyrs.

On Tuesday, Israeli forces killed five Palestinians here. One of the dead was a wanted man, Tarik Zaghal, 25, a member of the Brigades implicated in several attacks. Palestinians here described two carloads of undercover Israeli commandos' ambushing Mr. Zaghal on his way to break the Ramadan fast.

A night watchman from a nearby apartment building was shot and killed as he went to Mr. Zaghal's aid, Palestinians here said. Two men in a taxicab were also killed. Palestinians said that those men just happened to be driving by, but that the Israeli Army said they tried to run down soldiers.

Wednesday, November 20, 2002

Comdex Special Report

Special Report: Comdex Fall 2002

From DigiCams to Tablet PCs, From DIY to Off-The-Shelf
Take a virtual stroll through the hottest stories at Comdex,3971,709137,00.asp
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COMDEX :: Feature Stories

In the first prolonged economic downturn in a decade, Americans are trying to come to grips with an environment they haven't had to deal with for many decades, perhaps never in their lifetimes. This uncertainty, coupled with the prolonged change to business brought about by the continued proliferation of the Internet into all aspects of work and play, accounts for all the ten trends highlighted for this year.

Tuesday, November 19, 2002

Counterpane: Crypto-Gram

Crypto-Gram is a free monthly e-mail newsletter on computer security and cryptography from Bruce Schneier (author of Secrets and Lies and Applied Cryptography, inventor of Blowfish and Twofish, CTO and founder of Counterpane Internet Security, Inc., general crypto pundit and occasional crypto curmudgeon). | News

The world that produced George W. Bush did not collapse in 2002, but it trembled and revealed the flawed foundation beneath his -- it can't be called a philosophy, but it amounts to a set of unexamined assumptions about his world. And what is that world, what are those assumptions?

Too much ridicule of a fake-populist strain is heaped on Bush's pedigree; being the scion of aristocrats would be the best thing about him if only that tradition hadn't decayed and lost its noblesse oblige. He's neither an individualist in the Hoover grain nor an enlightened patrician like Theodore Roosevelt. What made Bush is crony capitalism: business as an end in itself, not as a way of furthering any larger goals, and conducted on the basis of personal connections, so that what matters is trust between "good men," not good institutions (none of this is changed by the fact that as a businessman, Bush wasn't a very good one). Unlike Hoover, whose opposition to government intervention in the economy was so rigid it cost him his job and his reputation, Bush has nothing in principle against it. In fact, his career in both business and politics has been built on a willingness to blur the distinction between public and private spheres -- not to further public goals, but always for private interest.…

Monday, November 18, 2002

Arafat Slams Sharon Over Hebron Corridor Plan

Palestinian President Yasser Arafat voiced alarm on Monday at Israel's plan to tighten its grip on Hebron by building corridors for Jewish settlers that would snake through the West Bank city.

``This is a big crime,'' Arafat said about the proposal, raised by Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon after Palestinian gunmen killed 12 soldiers and security men on Friday on an open route settlers use to reach a holy site in the city center.

Building walled-in passages could entail razing Palestinian homes and heighten tensions, threatening U.S. efforts to keep the region calm as Washington prepares for possible war on Iraq.

In another sign that Sharon would make security his first line of offence with a Likud party election looming against hawkish Foreign Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Israeli forces attacked a Palestinian security agency's headquarters in Gaza.

Israel said it found and destroyed an explosives factory in the Palestinian Preventive Security Service building it attacked with tanks and helicopters. Palestinian officials denied weapons were being made there.

Israeli officials said Sharon's Hebron plan, still in drafting stages, involved creating a secure ``corridor'' linking the Tomb of the Patriarchs -- holy to both Muslims and Jews -- and settler enclaves inside the volatile city to the adjacent settlement of Kiryat Arba, where Friday's ambush took place.

Speaking to reporters at his battered West Bank compound, Arafat said Israel was out to ``Judaise'' Hebron, a biblical city divided into Palestinian- and Israeli-controlled sectors under a 1997 interim peace deal Netanyahu signed as prime minister. About 450 Jewish settlers, most armed and among the most militant in the West Bank, live amid about 130,000 Palestinians in Hebron, about 25 miles south of Jerusalem.

Former Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres slammed Sharon's security blueprint for Hebron, whose Palestinian sector was reoccupied by Israeli forces after the ambush.

``Making a 'sleeve' will necessitate the deployment of more soldiers to protect it, because the sleeve alone will not keep (the settlers) safe and will only increase friction,'' Peres, of the center-left Labor Party, told Israel Radio.

In Gaza City, the Israeli army moved against the headquarters of the Preventive Security Service.

Backed by helicopters and about 30 tanks, soldiers blew up at least four buildings including the former office of Mohammed Dahlan, the former preventive security chief in Gaza, and one used by his successor, Rashid Abu Shbak, security sources said.

Medics said three Palestinian security men were wounded before Israeli troops pulled out before dawn.

``We found a laboratory and a workshop inside the headquarters, where they made mortars, mortar bombs, rifle-mounted grenades and rocket-propelled grenades,'' said Brigadier Yisrael Ziv, the Israeli army's division commander.

``The weapons were supplied on a large scale to terrorist organizations, including Islamic Jihad,'' he told Reuters.

Denying this, Abu Shbak said: ``Every time they bomb a building, a house or a metal foundry they claim it was used to manufacture weapons.''

Palestinian cabinet minister and chief negotiator Saeb Erekat said Israel was out ``to destroy the peace process, the Palestinian Authority and to maintain the Israeli occupation.''
On Hebron Ambush Site, a New Settlement Rises
In Hebron, where the political and religious divisions are animated by death, a new settlement was born on Saturday. Following the tradition of their tenacious movement, settlers converted sorrow and anger into territorial gain, building a rough outpost near the site of the Friday ambush. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon endorsed the settlers' aims during a visit to Hebron today.

In the first 24 hours of the settlement's life, its builders went from pitching tents to hooking up water lines and a generator and, tonight, to discussing where to get closets and carpeting. By dusk, Israeli boys were laughing and playing soccer on a field where they had never dared to venture before, as soldiers set up a seven-foot-high concrete barrier around the new community.

Held under curfew for a second day, Palestinians watched the bustle silently from surrounding rooftops, then withdrew into their houses as night fell.

Nowhere else in Israel and its occupied territories do Israelis and Palestinians live as close together and as far apart as in Hebron.

The Hebrew root of "Hebron" is the same of that of "to unite," and the Arabic name of the city, El Khalil, is based on the word for a close friend. Yet peaceful coexistence died bloodily here decades ago, to be replaced by fear and seemingly irreconcilable claims. This is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict's frontier, and perhaps its future.

Gazing at the darkened Palestinian houses, Mr. Menachan tried to envision the city in 20 years. "What I hope is, no Arabs," he said, as a fire made of brambles and olive branches crackled nearby. "If they continue to make trouble, no Arabs, and a Jewish city. If they're good people — if they know this is our land, that God gave it to us — they can stay.…

About 150,000 Palestinians live in Hebron. Inside the city, near the Cave of the Patriarchs, venerated by Jews and Muslims as Abraham's tomb, 450 Jews live in an intently guarded settlement that was started in 1979.

Less than half a mile away, at Hebron's edge, is another religious settlement, Qiryat Arba, with about 7,000 residents. It was established after the 1967 war, when Israel seized the West Bank from Jordan and Jews returned to the city for the first time in 20 years.

The ambush on Friday took place along an exposed road between those two settlements, in the Israeli-controlled section of the city. The Israeli Army initially said the attack was on Jewish worshipers, but it appears to have been directed at security forces who guard settlers. Three security guards from Qiryat Arba were killed, along with five members of the border police and four soldiers, including the commander of forces in Hebron.

By sundown on Saturday, when the Sabbath ended, settlers were grieving and seething. More than 1,000 of them gathered next to the road, where a Palestinian orchard had recently been bulldozed after another attack. The dirt had been graded as though in preparation for building.

In between somber psalms, speaker after speaker called for the creation of a new settlement on the spot to join Qiryat Arba to the settlement inside Hebron.

After the rally, some youths tried to run into Palestinian Hebron, only to be turned back by Israeli forces. In a turbulent crowd, they pounded on the doors of nearby Palestinian houses and then smeared the pale stone with blue graffiti: "Every Arab killed — for me it's a holiday," and, over and over, "Vengeance."

What happened down on the field, by contrast, was calm and purposeful.

A man in running shoes, jeans and a prayer shawl strode to the edge of the clearing and began praying intensely, bending rapidly back and forth at the waist over his prayer book. The outpost took shape around him during the next four hours, as midnight approached.

A truck pulled up and, without a word, the driver unloaded a water tank the size of a small car beside the praying man, who did not look around. Steps away, two dozen young people formed a bucket brigade and began pulling stones from an old wall beside another orchard, passing them along to build an enclosure behind a green trailer.

First a lean-to appeared, then three silver tents were pitched. Benches were set up, and a rabbi began leading a group in prayers and songs. A flatbed truck arrived carrying a red container for conversion to a shelter.

The work proceeded even though those working at the site did not have a formal permit to build a new settlement and did not know who owned the land.

A small community of Jews lived alongside an Arab majority in Hebron for hundreds of years. But as the national aspirations of the two peoples began to grow in the 20th century, so did the violence. In 1929, Arabs rampaged here, killing 67 Jews, including women and children, and burning Torah scrolls. Jews drew profoundly different lessons from that massacre, said Avraham Burg, the speaker of the Israeli Parliament. Until the riot, Mr. Burg's family had lived here for seven generations.

He said his mother, then a baby, survived because her grandfather's Arab landlord posted himself in the doorway and took a savage beating to protect the family. But other family members who hid with Mr. Burg's great-uncle were killed. Now, he said, his family was split.

"Half will never believe any Arab — you will find them in each settlement," he said. "And half of my family you will find in the peace camp, looking for the individual Arab who will overcome the mob and make peace with us."

Asked if Jews and Palestinians could coexist here, Mr. Burg said, "It's impossible, and it cannot become possible. We're talking about a deeply religious city that attracts the fundamental emotions on both sides. It attracts extremism, intolerance and inability to compromise."

In 1980, just after Jews moved back into Hebron, six Israelis were killed, also on a Sabbath eve.

In 1994, a doctor from Qiryat Arba, Baruch Goldstein, originally of Brooklyn, opened fire on Muslims at prayer here. He killed 29 and wounded 150 before he was beaten to death. He remains something of an underground hero here.

The Palestinian mayor of Hebron, Mustafa Natsheh, said the settlers "have no intention at all to coexist with our people." The "original Jews of Hebron" would be welcome to return, he said, provided that Palestinian refugees of the 1948 war, when Israel declared independence, were granted the right to return to homes in Israeli cities like Haifa and Jaffa.

"The settlers are not the original Jews of Hebron, and these people are trying to create tension and chaos," he said. "They look on us as their enemy."

Mr. Natsheh seemed unsurprised by the new settlement, calling it the realization of an old plan to link Qiryat Arba to Hebron.
No training budget? Try these five free tutorial sites

Being an effective developer means engaging in a constant quest to keep yourself up to date with changing technologies. There are two challenges in such an endeavor: finding the time for training and the money to pay for it. I can’t help you with the time issue, but these five Web sites might help you with the money side of the equation. All five offer collections of tutorials that will be useful to you when looking to expand your skill set.
AntiOnline's Fight-Back! - Computer Security - Hacking & Hackers

For years, hackers have had resources available to them to help them learn how to get into your systems, destroy your work, and read your private or proprietary information. They even have places that they go to trade system accounts, YOUR ACCOUNTS, with other hackers. It's time that YOU have a place where you can go to learn about THEM and learn how to protect yourself and secure your data. Welcome to AntiOnline's Fight Back!

Sunday, November 17, 2002

Are You Safer Today Than a Year Ago?

For all the week's momentous agreements — the largest government reorganization in 50 years, an unflinching inquiry into government fallibility — Washington realists acknowledge that little has been done to prevent a terrorist attack in two weeks or two months or two years.

The changes now transforming government will improve its efficiency in three, four or five years at best; for the near term, feeling nervous is perfectly justified.…
The Library of Vanished Sounds

An archive of once everyday sounds we no longer hear. Come here to listen to teletypes, weaving looms, propeller planes, and just to make you feel old, telephone dials. Also included are historical sounds such as the bombing of London, and Apollo 11.
Copyright Internet Scout Project, 1994-2002.

As Settlers Pray for the Dead, Israel Weighs Retaliation

The Israeli Army described the attack as a carefully planned assault on Jewish settlers returning from Friday night prayers, a trap laid to draw security forces into an exposed alleyway. None of the worshipers were among the dead, Israeli officials said today.

They said that those killed were five border police soldiers, four regular army soldiers — two of them officers — and three civilian security guards from the nearby Israeli settlement of Kiryat Arba.

The commander who died, Colonel Dror Weinberg, was the highest-ranking officer to be shot dead in the conflict, which has lasted more than two years.

Israeli forces responding to the ambush killed three Palestinians, whom they identified as the attackers.

The Islamist group Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack, calling it retaliation for Israel's killing a week ago of its local leader in the West Bank city of Jenin. It was the deadliest assault on Israelis in Hebron in the two-year conflict.

The ambush was a devastating blow to the Israeli Army, which only on Friday morning had described Hebron, with the rest of the southern West Bank, as at least temporarily calm and under control.

Before the attack on Friday, the Israeli Army said it was seeking to ease restrictions on Palestinians, at least in the southern West Bank, as they celebrated the holiday of Ramadan. That step appeared sure to be reversed.

Before dawn today, Israeli helicopters fired rockets at a metal shop in Gaza City that the Israeli Army said was used to make weapons.

Today, army bulldozers leveled the orchard here where the Palestinians laid their ambush.

The attack came on a tranquil, moonlit night along a lonely stretch of road. Shortly after 7 p.m., Jewish settlers were returning from prayer at the Cave of the Patriarchs, revered by Jews and Muslims as the burial place of Abraham. Accompanied by a jeep from the border police, they walked along a dusty road known as "worshipers' lane" toward Kiryat Arba, at Hebron's edge.

The road, which passes through the Israeli-controlled section of Hebron, dips into a gully, which until today was planted with olive trees, before climbing past Palestinian homes toward a gate to Kiryat Arba.

As the security guards entered the alleyway, they ran into a wall of gunfire. The colonel, whose name was not immediately released, then arrived at the scene.

Soldiers said the colonel could be heard giving orders over the radio as his jeep entered the alleyway. He was also shot to death. Soldiers at the scene said the death of their commander contributed to the chaos of the continuing firefight, which they said lasted for more than two hours.

The civilian chief of Kiryat Arba's security was also killed, as was one officer of the border police, Israeli officials said.

Eleven of the 14 wounded were reported to be soldiers or policemen.
After Attack, Sharon Calls for Securing Settlements
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon called for strengthening the Jewish settlements in the Hebron area as he toured the West Bank town on Sunday, two days after Palestinian gunmen killed 12 Israeli security forces and guards here.…

According to Palestinians, the troops have taken over seven homes to use as lookout posts and have demolished two homes of suspected militants of the Islamic Jihad group, the group that carried out the attack.

Sharon said Sunday that Israel would bolster the Jewish settlements in the Hebron area by linking up several small settler enclaves in the city and the neighboring Jewish settlement of Kiryat Arba, just to the east of Hebron, Israeli radio stations reported.

It was not clear how Sharon intended to achieve this, and officials in Sharon's office were not immediately available for comment on the report.

About 450 Jewish settlers live in several enclaves near the center of Hebron, a city with about 130,000 Palestinian residents. In addition, several thousand settlers live in Kiryat Arba, about a half-mile away.

Tens of thousands of Palestinians live between the Hebron and Kiryat Arba settlements.

Israeli Housing and Construction Minister Natan Sharansky said Sunday that Israel might construct additions to the Jewish settlements to connect the two areas, which includes the Tomb of the Patriarchs, a site holy to Jews, Muslims and Christians. However, it was not clear how Israel could do this without removing the Palestinians.

``We have to change the situation in the field,'' Sharansky told Army Radio. ``We have to build settlement contiguity between Kiryat Arba, the Cave of the Patriarchs and the settlement community in Hebron.''

Israeli troops moved into Hebron and other West Bank cities in June following a series of Palestinian suicide bombings. The army pulled out of Hebron three weeks ago, saying the area was calm.

Meanwhile, Jewish settlers placed three shipping containers in a vacant lot near the scene of the Friday night shooting, saying they were establishing a new Jewish outpost in Hebron. ``Death to Arabs,'' read the graffiti spray-painted on one of the containers, which will be used as makeshift homes, the settlers said.

The Palestinian Authority did not condemn Friday's shooting. The position is part of a policy under with the Palestinian leadership denounces violence inside Israel, but does not criticize attacks against Israeli soldiers and settlers in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Palestinians want these areas for a future state.

Jewish settlers vowed revenge for the shooting attack in a rally Saturday night.

In a sign of the tensions, Israeli forces closed a liaison office in Hebron, ordering Palestinian officers who coordinated activities with Israelis to leave, Army Radio reported.

As one of the most volatile West Bank cities, Hebron is a frequent scene of violence. Israeli soldiers control the city center where about the Jewish settlers, including many extremists, live in the midst of the large Palestinian population, many of them fundamentalist Muslims.

In 1994, an American-born Jewish settler killed 29 Muslim worshippers at the Tomb of the Patriarchs, reputed to be the burial site of the biblical Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and three of their wives. In 1929 and 1936, Arabs massacred Hebron's Jewish residents.

Saturday, November 16, 2002

Israel Weighs Response After 12 Killed in Hebron Ambush

Just Friday morning, a senior Israeli military official said the army had succeeded in securing Hebron and other southern West Bank cities, and as a result was easing restrictions in those areas. "We succeeded to clean these cities of terrorists," he said, referring also to Bethlehem, Ramallah and Jericho. He said the army still needed to concentrate on the northern West Bank cities of Nablus and Jenin.

Israeli officials immediately labeled Friday night's attack the "Sabbath massacre." The killings evoked a notorious ambush in Hebron in 1980, also on a Sabbath eve, in which six Jews were killed.

Hebron has been a flashpoint for decades. In 1994, a doctor from Qiryat Arba, Baruch Goldstein, originally of Brooklyn, fired on Muslims at prayer there. He killed 29 and wounded 150 before he was beaten to death.

In 1929, Arab residents of Hebron went on a rampage against the city's small Jewish population, killing dozens. That riot began on a Friday afternoon and lasted into Saturday.

Early today, hours after the attack, officials said the Israeli Army conducted a helicopter raid on Gaza City, striking a metal shop. No injuries were reported.

Friday night's violence, the deadliest Palestinian attack in three weeks, came as Mr. Arafat's Fatah faction was in negotiations with the militant group Hamas to achieve a limited ban on suicide bombing. The ban would apply only to attacks within the pre-1967 borders of Israel, not to attacks on soldiers and settlers in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

But Islamic Jihad has not taken part in the talks, and leaders of the group interviewed Friday night said they rejected any such ban.

"We're going to continue resistance everywhere," Sheik Abdallah al-Shami, a political leader of Islamic Jihad, said by telephone from hiding in the Gaza Strip. "We are not committed to any kind of agreements."

He said of the Hebron attack, "We are congratulating the Islamic world — all Muslims — for such a successful operation."

Even Palestinians who oppose attacks in pre-1967 Israel overwhelmingly support attacks on settlers and soldiers in the West Bank, regarding such violence as lawful resistance to occupation.

Israel does not recognize such distinctions between its citizens on either side of the 1967 boundaries, and, officially, neither do Islamic Jihad nor Hamas, which consider all of Israel as occupied territory.
News: FTC drawing the line on spammers

A coalition of government regulators led by the Federal Trade Commission on Wednesday announced a crackdown on online spammers and scammers.

Altogether, the regulators announced they had filed more than 30 enforcement actions and had sent letters to about 100 alleged spammers warning them to cease sending the unwanted and often fraudulent commercial e-mail messages. Additionally, the regulators announced the results of an investigation into spam, concluding that Net users who post their e-mail addresses in publicly accessible places, such as on chat sites or newsgroups, are highly likely to receive spam as a result.

The regulators' action was the third such FTC-led initiative this year to combat spam, noted Brian Huseman, a staff attorney at the FTC.

The FTC trained its sights on spammers in January, announcing that it would begin taking legal action against those who sent deceptive e-mail messages. In April, the agency along with six U.S. states and Canada announced they had filed 63 enforcement actions and had sent warning letters to 500 sites accused of sending illegal chain letter scams. The FTC announced a similar enforcement action in July.

Although states such as California have enacted laws prohibiting spam, there is no comparable federal law. Despite this, the FTC has the power to combat deceptive practices, advertisements or outright fraud.

If a company promises in an e-mail to allow customers to "opt out" of receiving further messages but doesn't provide a legitimate opt-out address, the company could run afoul of the FTC. Likewise, the agency can take steps to quash pyramid schemes online or offline.

Legal actions taken by the FTC usually take the form of civil, not criminal, complaints that force parties found guilty to pay restitution and cease their activities.

In addition to the FTC, regulatory agencies involved in Wednesday's announcement included the U.S. Postal Inspection Service; the U.S. attorney for Massachusetts; the New Hampshire Department of Justice; the attorneys general of Connecticut, Maine, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont; and consumer protection departments in New Jersey, New York City and New York state.

Friday, November 15, 2002

A Palestinian Camp Mourns Its Slain Children

Posters of children killed by Israeli Army gunfire covered the walls of the alleys among the bullet-scarred buildings of this refugee camp today, a reminder that two 2-year-olds were shot dead there in three days this week. An 8-year-old boy died of wounds received last month in the daily violence here, along the border with Egypt.
A Palestinian Camp Mourns Its Slain Children
PIP | Our Reports

All Pew Internet Project reports are based on our research, surveys, and analysis.
Small Initiatives :: Newsletter Archive

back issues of the Small Initiatives The Sensible Internet Design Letter a weekly newsletter. - What Can the SBA Do For You?

The SBA maintains an extensive Web site that provides hundreds of resources and links for small-business owners. Among the offerings on the SBA's Web site are:

A network of investors willing and wanting to invest in smaller start-up businesses.
Free, online courses covering topics such as writing business plans and raising capital.

A section devoted to developing an online business.

The Online Women's Business Center, which caters to female entrepreneurs and addresses concerns and issues specific to female business owners. (Check out the "Expanding Your Business" section for advice on marketing your company, overseeing staff, and competing with larger businesses.)

Information for minority-owned and distressed-zone businesses, including loan and grant program opportunities for businesses that qualify.

Take advantage of access to the Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE), an organization that provides free professional counseling, workshops and seminars to small-business owners.

Use the Web site's networking and marketing tools to promote your Web site or to find business. You can post your business card to the Web site, access contractors through the SBA's PRO-Net site, or post your success story for everyone to read.

Sort through dozens of hyperlinks on topics including the Internet, home business and commerce.,template=1&content=2092&nav1=1&user=4c492ace5014 - Top 20 Email Marketing Terms You Should Know

If you have ever felt out of your depth in a discussion about email marketing, rest assured you are not alone. The top twenty common email marketing terms and definitions below will help you expand your email marketing vocabulary and make you look and feel like an expert.,template=1&content=2612&nav1=1&user=4c492ace5014

Thursday, November 14, 2002

Annan Presses Bush to Avoid a Rush to War

Secretary General Kofi Annan said today that the United States seemed to have a lower threshold for going to war in Iraq than other nations on the United Nations Security Council.

After meeting with President Bush, Mr. Annan urged the White House to be "a bit patient" against any rush toward military action. If it comes, he added, military action would have to be based on credible evidence of Iraq's obstruction, and not a "flimsy" excuse to go to war.

The secretary general's comments reflected the divergence of views between the Bush administration and some Security Council nations over what kind of obstructions would constitute the trigger for going to war.

Mr. Annan indicated that United Nations inspectors, with tough new powers under the resolution, are returning for what could be an indefinite program to inspect former and suspected weapons sites, to set up surveillance cameras and other monitoring equipment, and to run down every bit of intelligence on Iraqi efforts to develop nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, and the missiles that could be used to hurl them across borders. But he refused to be drawn into discussing hypothetical details of what might constitute obstruction.

The position of the Bush administration has trended the other way. Mr. Bush and his senior aides have emphasized that President Saddam Hussein is unlikely to confess to years of concealing illicit stockpiles of weapons, including banned nerve agents and anthrax spores. Some conservative aides continue to denigrate the United Nations' role.

On Sept. 12, Mr. Annan had challenged Mr. Bush to work through the United Nations in words that were almost as forceful as those Mr. Bush used to challenge the Security Council to enforce its resolutions on disarming Iraq.

"I want to thank you, Mr. President," Mr. Annan said to Mr. Bush today in the presence of reporters. "Nobody knew which way you were going to go" in confronting Iraq. "I was pleading that we go the multilateral route. And I think we were all relieved that we did — you did."

But patience was Mr. Annan's watchword today. During a meeting with reporters before he went to the White House, he observed that the United States "does seem to have a lower threshold" for what would trigger war.

Still, he admonished, "We need to be patient and give the inspectors time and space to do their work. We should not be seen as rushing the process and impatiently moving on to the next phase."

Mr. Annan said Mr. Bush's uncompromising remarks showed that the American administration was engaged in a "psychological game" with Mr. Hussein, one that could be useful in persuading Mr. Hussein to cooperate unconditionally.

"One has to maintain the pressure," Mr. Annan said. "Quite frankly, for four years we were not able to get them to agree that we return to Iraq, but four days after the president's speech to the General Assembly" Iraq agreed to the return of inspectors without conditions.

Still, a number of Security Council members remain concerned that Washington was too eager to find a pretext to go to war.

Mr. Annan said any Security Council decision that finds Baghdad in "material breach" of the resolution must be based on serious or flagrant attempts to obstruct weapons inspectors. Otherwise, he said, it would look like a "flimsy or hasty excuse to go to war."

Such a pretext, he said, would draw opposition not only from Security Council nations, but also from ordinary Americans who have expressed a desire for Mr. Bush to work with the United Nations in confronting Iraq.

Mr. Annan indicated that any event that triggered war would have to show deliberate calculation on Iraq's part. "Whatever reason we decide to use military action to go to war, the circumstances must be seen as reasonable and credible, and not contrived or stretched," he said. "And if we do that, there will be general acceptance and people will understand."
As New Tape Is Evaluated, Bush Calls Qaeda Threat Real

The C.I.A. got the last hard evidence that he was alive in December 2001, when a radio transmission from Tora Bora was intercepted. American analysts said they believed they heard him issuing orders to Qaeda fighters over the radio.

As time had gone by since then without proof that he had escaped the Tora Bora battle, some American counterterrorism experts had begun to conclude that he was dead. Dale Watson, then the F.B.I.'s chief of counterterrorism, said in July he thought Mr. bin Laden was dead; some officers in the military's Special Operations Command also concluded that he had died in Tora Bora.

Even so, C.I.A. officials say the agency has continued to operate on the assumption that he is alive, largely because it has received a series of fragmentary intelligence reports about him. American intelligence officials also say that if other Qaeda leaders and Mr. bin Laden's family knew he was dead, they would betray that knowledge through differences in behavior.

One intelligence official said earlier this year that if Mr. bin Laden was dead, very few people inside Al Qaeda knew it, because the United States was not picking up any credible discussions among Qaeda operatives pointing to his death.

Intelligence officials said today that the C.I.A. still believed he was most likely hiding somewhere along the Afghan-Pakistani border. Officials said they did not believe he had fled to one of Pakistan's major cities. He is believed to be too easily recognizable to risk trying to pass undetected in a major city — especially with a $25 million price on his head.

If it is determined that he is alive, his ability to elude a huge American dragnet for the past year could raise new questions about the effectiveness of the administration's campaign against terrorism. Critics of the military operation in Afghanistan have already complained that American commanders failed to block potential escape routes into Pakistan, thus allowing thousands of Qaeda fighters bottled up in Tora Bora and at other battlefields to flee.

Wednesday, November 13, 2002

New Recording May Be Threat From bin Laden

Even with a $25 million price on Mr. bin Laden's head, American intelligence agencies have obtained little solid information about him. The failure to either kill or capture him has been a great frustration for the Bush administration.

Soon after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, President Bush declared that he wanted Mr. bin Laden "dead or alive," but after months of fruitless searching in Afghanistan and elsewhere, American officials gradually began to play down the importance of catching him. Mr. Bush and other officials began to say that Mr. bin Laden's fate had become almost irrelevant to the campaign against terrorism, because he was either dead or in hiding, and either way no longer as grave a threat to the United States as he had been.

Still, the doubts about whether he had survived American bombing raids in Afghanistan underscored the government's frustrations in trying to dismantle Al Qaeda, and the possibility that he was still at large seemed to bring the military action in Afghanistan to an incomplete end.

More troubling to American officials has been the evidence in recent weeks that Al Qaeda appears to be regrouping to launch another round of attacks against Western targets.

The sudden re-emergence of Mr. bin Laden (or someone who sounds like him) at a time when the United States is threatening war on Iraq complicates American policy.

Arab leaders have been warning since Sept. 11 that the failure of the United States to stem the Israeli-Palestinian violence would serve as the main recruiting tool for extremists, and that starting another conflict in the region would only strengthen the appeal from Mr. bin Laden for continued war against the West.

The tape seems timed to coincide with mounting anger in the Mideast over the threat of an invasion of Iraq if President Saddam Hussein does not allow renewed weapons inspections.

In the tape, several administration figures are named. Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld is accused of being responsible for the death of two million people in the Vietnam War. The man on the tape says both Vice President Dick Cheney and Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, in their roles as leaders during the Persian Gulf war, visited more destruction on Baghdad than Halagu, the 13th-century Mongol and grandson of Genghis Khan, who sacked what was then a center of Islamic civilization.

The specific terrorist attacks that the man on the tape mentioned as a taste of things to come included the death of German tourists in a synagogue explosion in Tunisia on April 11, the attack against the French tanker in Yemen on Oct. 6, a bombing of French naval experts in Karachi on May 8, the killing of an American marine in Kuwait on Oct. 8, the Oct. 12 explosion in Bali, with its high toll of Australians and Britons, and the hostage-taking in a Moscow theater on Oct. 23.

In one of the references that showed the speaker was paying close attention to recent news, he dismissed reports that the bombing in Bali had meant to strike Americans rather than Australians. He said that despite warnings, Australia had joined American forces in Afghanistan and worked against Muslims in gaining independence for East Timor.
Bin Laden Alive and Kicking?

Experts said Wednesday they believed the voice on a tape broadcast by independent television station al-Jazeera was that of the world's most wanted man, Osama bin Laden.

Gulf officials as well as Muslim activists said they were convinced the audio tape carried the voice of the Saudi dissident with a $25 million reward on his head for allegedly masterminding last year's September 11 attacks.
Netanyahu Vows to Oust Arafat if Elected
Under gray skies on Tuesday afternoon, hundreds of mourners attended the funeral of Revital Ohayon, 34, and her two boys, Matan, 5, and Noam, 4, killed in the attack at Kibbutz Metzer.

Medics quoted in Israeli news reports on Tuesday said they had found Ms. Ohayon slumped over one of her children after she tried to shield the boys from the gunman who had burst into their bedroom.

Avi Ohayon, Ms. Ohayon's former husband, threw himself on the wreath-covered graves. "I wish I could also be with you," he sobbed in a eulogy. "I'm left with nothing."

In the Gaza Strip town of Rafah, thousands of Palestinians marched on Tuesday in the funerals of two local children killed by Israeli Army gunfire.

Nafez Mashal, 2, was struck by a bullet on Monday outside his house in Rafah as he chased a balloon, his father reported.

Residents said the shots from an Israeli Army watchtower near the border with Egypt were unprovoked. The army said soldiers were returning fire.

Another local boy, Muhammad Abu Naja, 8, died on Monday of wounds sustained on Oct. 17 when an Israeli tank fired shells into a densely populated refugee neighborhood, killing six other people and wounding dozens more.

The army said the shelling was in response to the firing of an antitank rocket at an army bulldozer working nearby.

Something strange and evil is going on here. Both sides are taking “eye for an eye” to insane lengths. A few months ago, after a similar attack that killed israeli children, tankfire killed palestinian children who were out because they believed the curfew had been lifted. The army made almost exactly the same excuses it's making today, but there was a videotape to prove the lie. It's no coincidence. It's no accident. Looking back, it's the tip of an iceberg. Moreover, written or unwritten, it's israeli policy.

WDVL: Practical XML for the Web - Page 16 - Introduction To Server-Side XML

This excerpt from Chapter 8 of "Practical XML for the Web" sets the scene for server-side XML, and shows what you can do with it, by way of a parallel example done in ASP, PHP, and JSP.

Tuesday, November 12, 2002

Kibbutz Attack Threatens Ties to Arab Neighbors

The attacker who had infiltrated the kibbutz near the West Bank killed two other people before escaping, shattering the calm of this bucolic farming community and threatening the close ties it has formed over decades with neighboring Arab villages. Their representatives came today to pay their respects.

Ms. Ohayon, 34, was slain with her two sons, Matan, 5, and Noam, 4. Tirza Damari, 42, who was out walking with her boyfriend, had been gunned down on a path nearby. The boyfriend escaped unharmed. Yitzhak Drori, 44, the kibbutz secretary, was shot and killed in his car when he arrived on the scene.

At his headquarters in the West Bank town of Ramallah, Mr. Arafat said a committee had been formed to look into the shooting. The Aksa Martyrs Brigades, a militant offshoot of his Fatah movement, claimed responsibility for the attack. The Palestinian information minister, Yasir Abed Rabbo, called the attack a crime.

[Early on Tuesday, the Israeli Army swept into the Tulkarm refugee camp in the West Bank, Reuters reported, citing Palestinian witnesses. The army had no immediate comment, but had said earlier that it might hit Tulkarm and Nablus because of suspected links to the attack on the kibbutz.]

The attack that killed Ms. Ohayon and the others was also an assault on the relationships built over the years between the kibbutz and Arab communities around it. Founded in 1953 by immigrants from Argentina, the left-leaning kibbutz has a history of friendly relations with neighboring Arab villages in Israel and the West Bank. The ties have survived more than two years of surging violence between Israelis and Palestinians.

Links are particularly strong with the Israeli Arab village of Meisir. Villagers work in Kibbutz Metzer's plastics factory, residents from each side visit the other to celebrate family events and the two communities sponsor joint youth activities.

Members of Kibbutz Metzer recently waged a public campaign on behalf of the neighboring village of Qafin in the West Bank. The kibbutz lobbied the Defense Ministry to change the location of a planned security fence separating Israel from the West Bank so it would not cut through Qafin's olive groves.

"We thought that if their groves would remain on this side of the fence, it would ignite hostility and create problems," said Danny Dovrat, a kibbutz member. The kibbutz insisted that the fence be built along the precise boundary that existed between the West Bank and Israel in 1967, and expressed willingness to cede some of its land for the project.

The fence did not go up soon enough to protect Kibbutz Metzer, which is situated in an area near the West Bank that is prone to infiltration by Palestinian militants.

At the funeral today of Mr. Drori, the kibbutz secretary, Arabs joined Jews in the procession behind his black-draped coffin.

"We are one family," said Abu Omar Abu Rakiya, 64, from Meisir. "For 50 years we've been eating and sharing with one another."

Muhammad Abu Obeid, 42, also from Meisir, said that on Sunday night he could hear the deadly gunfire from his home. "Every shot pierced our hearts," he said.

At Mr. Drori's grave, Doron Lieber, the kibbutz manager, mourned "reconciliation and coexistence that have been so profoundly murdered."

"We will not stop believing in coexistence, in compromise," he declared, "in giving life a chance."

Monday, November 11, 2002

Tempers Flare After U.S. Sends a Canadian Citizen Back to Syria on Terror Suspicions

Fifteen years after leaving Syria, Maher Arar finds himself back in his homeland, lost in the murky world of its security apparatus.

He is a Canadian citizen who has lived in Canada and the United States, but the United States authorities deported him to Syria on Oct. 10 on suspicions of belonging to a terrorist group. That decision has tested American-Canadian relations and apparently figures into the quiet relationship that the United States and Syria are working out in fighting terrorism.

American officials claim that Mr. Arar is a member of Al Qaeda, but the Canadians say they have no such information. The Syrians are questioning Mr. Arar closely, Western diplomats say, but officially the Syrian government has expressed outrage that he was deported to Syria instead of Canada.

"It's not democratic, or civilized, really," said Bouthaina Shaaban, a government spokeswoman, in an interview. She suggested that the United States would protest such an action affecting one of its citizens. "If any other country did this, they would label that quite strange," she said.

It was the first public acknowledgment in Damascus of Mr. Arar's presence, although the Syrian ambassador in Canada has discussed the case with Canadian news media.

Relations between Syria and the United States are normally strained, yet since Sept. 11 Syrian intelligence officials have helped the United States track down suspected militants. Syria has been in a position to help because of its deep roots in keeping tabs on extremists after crushing its own Muslim Brotherhood movement in the early 1980's.

Along with Mr. Arar, scores of people suspected of being Islamic militants are in Syrian prisons, and some are linked to Al Qaeda, according to local reports. One of the most prominent is Mohamed Heidar Zammar, a Syrian-born German citizen arrested in Morocco and sent to Syria. American officials suspect him of playing a role in the recruitment of Mohamed Atta, a key planner of the Sept. 11 attacks, though German authorities are less sure.

As for Mr. Arar, his colleagues at his former employer, MathWorks, a software company in Natick, Mass., have scoffed at the suggestion that he is a terrorist. His wife, Monia Mazigh, 32, says she cannot fathom why he was arrested. She said he had no political involvement and was devoted to his family and his work as a telecommunications engineer.

"If he is a member of Al Qaeda, why didn't they keep him there?" she said, referring to American officials. "I think the U.S. government made a serious mistake."

Reynald Doiron, a spokesman for Canada's Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, said the Canadians had "never unearthed any information to corroborate or support the American statement."

The deportation angered the Canadian government, which protested to Washington. It aggravated a sore point over American antiterrorism measures that allow for the fingerprinting and photographing of foreign nationals — including Canadians — who were born in Syria, Libya, Sudan, Iraq or Iran upon their arrival in the United States.

Canadian political leaders and newspapers expressed outrage about the Arar case. "By sending Mr. Arar to that country, the U.S. has given the impression — right or wrong — that it is contracting out its dirty work," The Globe and Mail said.

Syria has allowed Canadian diplomats to visit Mr. Arar in prison, Mr. Doiron said, something it was not required to do. Syrian intelligence officials were present, he said. The diplomats are passing messages between Mr. Arar and his family. Mr. Doiron said Canada was not pressing for Mr. Arar's release. "We'll speak of release once Syrians have completed their investigation," he said.

The United States authorities have yet to explain on what basis Mr. Arar was sent back to Syria and not Canada, Mr. Doiron said.

"It's certainly not a friendly gesture between good neighbors," he said.
A Palestinian Attack Kills 5 on a Northern Kibbutz

At least one Palestinian gunman attacked a kibbutz in northern Israel near the border with the West Bank late Sunday, killing five people hours after a suicide bombing was foiled in the same area, police officials said.

Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades, a militant offshoot of Yasir Arafat's mainstream Fatah movement, claimed responsibility for the attack, which came as representatives of Fatah and Hamas met in Cairo to discuss a proposed halt to attacks in Israel.

Two hours after the shootings, an Israeli helicopter struck in Gaza, firing rockets into a metalworks factory, residents and security officials reported. The army said the factory had produced mortar shells used in attacks on Jewish settlements.

The violence came on the eve of a visit here by an American envoy to promote a peace blueprint proposed by the Bush administration.

Hours earlier in the same area, two Palestinians apparently on a suicide mission were killed when their vehicle exploded near the kibbutz. Border police officers on alert for a possible infiltration from the West Bank spotted the vehicle and ordered the driver to stop before it blew up, a police spokesman said. One passenger wore an explosive belt and the other carried a bag containing a bomb, Israeli radio reported.

Earlier on Sunday, the Palestinian cabinet gave qualified approval to an American blueprint for a Middle East peace settlement, while Mr. Sharon quashed criticism of the document in his cabinet, officials said.

Both Palestinian and Israeli officials seemed eager to avoid any appearance of obstruction of American policy as the Bush administration prepares for a possible war against Iraq.

The American envoy, Deputy Assistant of Secretary of State David Satterfield, is coming today to discuss the road map for peace drawn up by the Bush administration. The plan, which envisions a Palestinian state by 2005, calls for an end to attacks by Palestinians as well as for reforms within the Palestinian government and security services, for Israeli withdrawals from West Bank cities and for an eventual freeze on construction of Israeli settlements.

After a meeting of the Palestinian cabinet today in Ramallah, officials said the American blueprint was acceptable, although they added that more consultations were needed with Arab states and several conditions had to be met.

Nabil Abu Rudeineh, an adviser to Mr. Arafat, predicted that despite Palestinian reservations, "our response is going to be for sure a positive response" in the meetings with Mr. Satterfield.

Mr. Sharon, for his part, cut off discussion of the American proposal among cabinet members, according to accounts from people who were in the meeting. He reportedly intervened when Mr. Mofaz was asked by a minister to comment on the plan.

Mr. Netanyahu has waved off the American plan, saying it is not on the agenda as the United States prepares for action against Iraq.

In the West Bank, Israeli forces pulled back to the outskirts of Jenin after a two-week sweep against militants that culminated with the killing on Saturday of Iyad Sawalha, a leader of the militant Islamic Jihad group who was accused by Israel of masterminding two bus bombings that killed 31 people.
Six Mozilla Security Bugs Posted

If you're using early copies of the Mozilla open-source Web browser, chances are your PC is vulnerable to attacks via a half-dozen security holes.

Pre-version 1.0 rollouts of the alternative browser project, which is backed by AOL-Time Warner's (Quote, Company Info) Netscape unit, contain about a half-dozen vulnerabilities.

It appears most of the bugs, which were posted on the BugTraq security list this week, have already been corrected in the latest version of Mozilla but at least one of the flaws is still affecting versions 1.0.1 and 1.1. (Download latest Mozilla releases here).

Mozilla users are urged to disable JavaScript as a temporary workaround until a fix is issued. The flaw exists in the "onunload" handler which loads an image from the referring server about a user's surfing movements.

Sunday, November 10, 2002

Israelis Pull Out of Jenin Before US Envoy's Visit

Israeli forces pulled back from the West Bank city of Jenin on Sunday as Prime Minister Ariel Sharon choked off criticism in his right-wing government of a U.S.-led ``roadmap'' to peace.

The army withdrew from the center of Jenin after its soldiers killed a senior Islamic Jihad militant blamed by Israel for 31 Israeli deaths, and ahead of the arrival in the region on Monday of a U.S. diplomat on a mission to promote the peace proposal.

Israel armor took up new positions in Jenin's outskirts two weeks after rumbling into the city with hundreds of infantry troops to mount house-to-house searches for militants.

Palestinian children attended school for the first time in two weeks in Jenin as a curfew was lifted.
con·cept: November 2002